ᴹ√KUB¹* root.* “*mound, heap”

An unglossed root in *The Etymologies* of the 1930s serving as the basis for ᴹQ. *kumbe*/N. *cum* “mound, heap” (Ety/KUB). It was undoubtably a later iteration of ᴱ√*KUMU* “heap up” from the *Qenya Lexicon* of the 1910s with similar derivatives in both Qenya and Gnomish (QL/49; GL/27). This earlier root also had derivatives having
to do with “burden” such as ᴱQ. *kumba* “burdened, laden”, but based on Gnomish words like G. *gûm* “burden” and G. *gumriol* “burdensome” (GL/43), this was probably due to blending with an otherwise unattested root *ᴱ√*GUMU*.

These roots were the basis of G. *Cûm a Gumlaith* “Mound of the First Sorrow” which later became N. *Cûm-na-Dengin* “Mound of Slain” (SM/312, LR/147). Eventually this name became *Haudh-en-Ndengin* “Mound of the Slain”, indicating that ᴹ√*KUB* was abandoned for this purpose. Indeed, in later writings Tolkien instead gave √*KUB* as “hide, secrete” instead (PE22/155).

__Reference__ ✧ Ety/KUB ✧ KUB

__Derivatives__

- > ᴹQ. kumbe “mound, heap” ✧ Ety/KUB
- > N. cum “mound, heap” ✧ Ety/KUB
- ⇒ N. Cûm-na-Dengin “Mound of Slain”

- ⇒ N. Cûm-na-Dengin “Mound of Slain”

ᴱ√KUMU* root.* “heap up”

See ᴹ√KUB¹ for discussion.

__References__ ✧ GL/27; QL/49

__Glosses__

- “heap up” ✧ QL/49

__Variations__

__Related__

__Derivatives__

- > ᴱQ. #kum- “to pile up” ✧ QL/49
- > ᴱQ. kumba “burdened, laden” ✧ QL/49
- > ᴱQ. kúme “pile, heap; load, burden” ✧ QL/49
- > ᴱQ. kumpo “pile” ✧ QL/49
- > G. cûm “mound (especially grave), burial mound”
- ⇒ 4 compounds

- > G. gum- “to lade”
- > G. gûm “burden”
- ⇒ G. gumlaith “weariness of spirit, depression, grief” ✧ GL/43
- ⇒ G. Cûm a Gumlaith “Mound of the First Sorrow” ✧ LT1A/Cûm a Gumlaith

- ⇒ G. Cûm a Gumlaith “Mound of the First Sorrow” ✧ LT1A/Cûm a Gumlaith
- ⇒ G. gumri “burden (metaphoric), worry, trouble” ✧ GL/43

- ⇒ G. gumlaith “weariness of spirit, depression, grief” ✧ GL/43